After multiple runway incidents involving the HondaJet HA-420, The HondaJet Owners andamp; Pilots Association took a step to protect its members and promote safe ownership and operation. The HJOPA is committed to promoting the safety of owning and operating a HondaJet and part of their commitment to safety includes free Safety Webinars presented to members throughout the year.
On June 29, they held their FIRST Safety Webinar aimed to promote awareness and understanding of human factors and their impact on aviation safety. The webinar provided valuable insights and best practices to enhance safety in joint operations. One of the key topics in the webinar was runway excursions. This is where an aircraft departs the runway surface during landing or takeoff, which is a significant safety concern in aviation.RELATED STORIES:Details emerge of most-recent HondaJet runway incident in new NTSB preliminary reportExamining the flurry of runway incidents involving the HondaJet and Jet It's decision to ground its planes
The industry as a whole has become increasingly aware of the dangers of runway incursions or excursions as these types of incidents have increased, especially in 2023. To avoid runway excursions and ensure safe landings, it is essential to follow best practices and adhere to established procedures. Here are some guidelines to help prevent runway excursions:
Thoroughly Brief and Prepare
Pilots should familiarize themselves with all available information related to the landing, including weather conditions, runway length, surface conditions, and any relevant notices or NOTAMs (Notices to Airmen). This information helps in selecting the appropriate landing technique and runway.
Adhere to Approach and Landing Procedures
Pilots should strictly follow established approach and landing procedures, including maintaining a stabilized approach and complying with the aircraft's recommended approach speeds. Avoid unstable approaches, excessive speed, or high descent rates close to the runway threshold.
Maintain Situational Awareness
Continuously monitor and assess your position, altitude, and speed relative to the runway during the approach and landing phases. Use available cockpit instruments, such as altimeters, airspeed indicators, and vertical speed indicators, to maintain accurate situational awareness.
Use Automation Judiciously
If the aircraft is equipped with automation systems, use them appropriately and understand their limitations. Avoid over-reliance on automation and maintain proficiency in manual flying skills.
Pay Attention to Runway Conditions
Be aware of runway surface conditions, especially during adverse weather conditions. Consider the runway's braking action, contamination (such as water, ice, snow, or rubber deposits), and ensure the aircraft's landing performance accounts for these factors.
Monitor and Correct Crosswind Components
Strong crosswinds during landing can contribute to runway excursions. Maintain proficiency in crosswind landing techniques and be prepared to execute appropriate crosswind corrections. If the crosswind exceeds the aircraft's demonstrated limits, consider diverting to an alternate airport with more favorable conditions.
Use Full Available Runway Length
Aim to use the entire available runway length for landing and ensure sufficient distance remains for deceleration and stopping. Avoid landing long or touching down late, as it reduces the margin for stopping safely.
Execute a Go-Around if Necessary
If conditions or circumstances warrant, be prepared to initiate a go-around (aborted landing) at any point during the approach or landing. A go-around can help reestablish a stabilized approach or address any unsafe conditions.
Maintain Good Crew Resource Management
Effective communication and cooperation between pilots, as well as clear task allocation, are crucial in preventing runway excursions. Encourage a culture of safety and encourage all crew members to speak up if they observe any deviations or unsafe practices.
Continuous Training and Proficiency
Regular training and proficiency checks for pilots contribute to maintaining the necessary skills and knowledge to handle different landing scenarios safely. Stay up to date with the latest procedures and best practices through recurrent training.
Remember that these are general best practices, and specific aircraft and operational guidelines may vary. Always consult the appropriate manuals, regulations, and industry recommendations for your specific aircraft type and jurisdiction to ensure compliance with the latest safety requirements.