• Facebook
  • Twitter
  • LinkedIn
  • Instagram
  • Youtube
Helicopter Flight Training Sponsors
 Search

Categories

 Search

NTSB Final Report: Lancaster, Pennsylvania

Location:

Lancaster, Pennsylvania

Accident Number:

ERA22LA069

Date & Time:

November 20, 2021, 11:30 Local

Registration:

N210JB

Aircraft:

K COPTERS 47G-2

Aircraft Damage:

Substantial

Defining Event:

Loss of control in flight

Injuries:

1 Serious, 1 Minor

Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Instructional

Analysis

According to the flight instructor, the purpose of the flight was to conduct hovering and pattern work maneuvers. After the completion of the flight, the student pilot was hovering and awaiting clearance to return to the ramp. The flight instructor said she was looking around to ensure the runway was clear and making a radio call, when suddenly, the helicopter pitched up. She attempted to gain control of the helicopter but was unsuccessful. The helicopter collided with the ground and rolled over. The flight instructor said she was not on the flight controls prior to the accident event.

According to the student pilot, he stated that he was practicing hovering maneuvers for about an hour. He said that he was tired and transferred the controls to the flight instructor, as they waited to cross the field. The student pilot said that while they were waiting, the nose pitched up and the tailboom hit the ground. The helicopter then collided with the ground and rolled over. He said that he was not on the flight controls at the time of the accident.

The helicopter was inspected by a Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) inspector and revealed structural damage to the airframe. No flight control anomalies were discovered that would have precluded normal operation. During the FAA interviews of the pilots, both seemed to have believed that the other was on the flight controls at the time of the accident.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be: The flight instructor’s failure to ensure a positive transfer of aircraft control, which resulted in a loss of control and collision with terrain.

Findings

Personnel issues - Incorrect action sequence - Flight crew

Aircraft - Pitch control - Not attained/maintained

Factual Information

History of Flight

Maneuvering-hover - Loss of control in flight (Defining event)

Uncontrolled descent - Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate:

Airline transport; Commercial; Flight instructor

Age:

32,Female

Airplane Rating(s):

Single-engine land; Multi-engine land

Seat Occupied:

Right

Other Aircraft Rating(s):

Helicopter

Restraint Used:

Lap only

Instrument Rating(s):

Airplane; Helicopter

Second Pilot Present:

 

Instructor Rating(s):

Airplane single-engine; Helicopter; Instrument airplane; Instrument helicopter

Toxicology Performed:

 

Medical Certification:

Class 1 Without waivers/limitations

Last FAA Medical Exam:

August 1, 2021

Occupational Pilot:

Yes

Last Flight Review or Equivalent:

 

Flight Time:

(Estimated) 2855 hours (Total, all aircraft), 43 hours (Total, this make and model), 2116 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 65 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 24 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Student pilot Information

Certificate:

Commercial; Flight engineer; Flight instructor

Age:

68,Male

Airplane Rating(s):

Single-engine land; Single-engine sea

Seat Occupied:

Left

Other Aircraft Rating(s):

None

Restraint Used:

Lap only

Instrument Rating(s):

Airplane

Second Pilot Present:

 

Instructor Rating(s):

Airplane single-engine; Instrument airplane

Toxicology Performed:

 

Medical Certification:

Class 2 With waivers/limitations

Last FAA Medical Exam:

February 4, 2021

Occupational Pilot:

No

Last Flight Review or Equivalent:

 

Flight Time:                        1940 hours (Total, all aircraft), 17 hours (Total, this make and model), 1820 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 6 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make:

K COPTERS

Registration:

N210JB

Model/Series:

47G-2

Aircraft Category:

Helicopter

Year of Manufacture:

1969

Amateur Built:

 

Airworthiness Certificate:

Normal

Serial Number:

K992

Landing Gear Type:

Skid

Seats:

2

Date/Type of Last Inspection:

October 20, 2021 Annual

Certified Max Gross Wt.:

2450 lbs

Time Since Last Inspection:

10 Hrs

Engines:

1 Reciprocating

Airframe Total Time:

2156 Hrs as of last inspection

Engine Manufacturer:

Lycoming

ELT:

C91 installed, not activated

Engine Model/Series:

IO-435-A1F

Registered Owner:

 

Rated Power:

165 Horsepower

Operator:

On file

Operating Certificate(s) Held:

None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site:

Visual (VMC)

Condition of Light:

Day

Observation Facility, Elevation:

KLNS,403 ft msl

Distance from Accident Site:

0 Nautical Miles

Observation Time:

11:39 Local

Direction from Accident Site:

173°

Lowest Cloud Condition:

Clear

Visibility

10 miles

Lowest Ceiling:

None

Visibility (RVR):

 

Wind Speed/Gusts:

4 knots /

Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:

None / None

Wind Direction:

110°

Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:

N/A / N/A

Altimeter Setting:

30.54 inches Hg

Temperature/Dew Point:

6°C / -3°C

Precipitation and Obscuration:

No Obscuration; No Precipitation

 

Departure Point:

Lancaster, PA (LNS)

Type of Flight Plan Filed:

None

Destination:

Lancaster, PA

Type of Clearance:

VFR

Departure Time:

10:00 Local

Type of Airspace:

Class D

Airport Information

Airport:

LANCASTER LNS

Runway Surface Type:

 

Airport Elevation:

402 ft msl

Runway Surface Condition:

Vegetation

Runway Used:

 

IFR Approach:

None

Runway Length/Width:

 

VFR Approach/Landing:

None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries:

1 Serious, 1 Minor

Aircraft Damage:

Substantial

Passenger Injuries:

 

Aircraft Fire:

None

Ground Injuries:

 

Aircraft Explosion:

None

Total Injuries:

1 Serious, 1 Minor

Latitude, Longitude:

40.122361,-76.294361(est)

Administrative Information

Investigator In Charge (IIC):

Alleyne, Eric

 

Additional Participating Persons:

Robert C. Hall; FAA/FSDO; Honolulu, HI

 

Original Publish Date:

May 26, 2022                                                                    Investigation Class:

4

Note:

The NTSB did not travel to the scene of this accident.

 

Investigation Docket:

https://data.ntsb.gov/Docket?ProjectID=104281